The Middle Ages

The Carolingian Era

  1. The First Carolingians
  2. Pepin the King
  3. Charles the King
  4. Three Aspects of Charlemagne's Rule
  5. Lombardy
  6. Saxony, Part 1
  7. Saxony, Part 2
  8. Bavaria
  9. Spain
  10. Conquests: Summary
  11. Administration
  12. Administration
  13. Law
  14. Carolingian Culture
  15. Monasteries
  16. Handwriting
  17. The Carolingian Renaissance
  18. Emperor: Background
  19. A Christmas Present
  20. Motives
  21. Significance of the Coronation
  22. Louis the Pious
  23. Later Carolingians

Supplemental Readings and Resources