Medieval Europe

The Development of the Papacy

  1. Introduction
  2. Foundations of Papal Authority
  3. Foundations, continued
  4. Early Popes
  5. The Papacy in the Late Empire
  6. Pope Gregory I
  7. Gregory I and Rome
  8. Mission to England
  9. Gregory and the Church
  10. Later Popes, up to the 10th Century
  11. The Papacy in the Tenth Century
  12. Cluny
  13. Papal Reform
  14. The Papacy in the Eleventh Century

Supplemental Readings and Resources